Notes to Accompany the State pages
||Notes to Accompany the State Pages
© 1999 -- 2001 - John K. Robertson and Bob McDonald
- 1 Furlough of Massachusetts Line, June 1783.
- In June 1783, most of the Massachusetts Line was furloughed. Washington released the men who had enlisted for the duration of the war, and kept those who had enlisted for a period of three years or less and still had time remaining on their enlistments. These men, from the 1st through 8th Massachusetts Regiments, were assigned to the four newly formed Massachusetts units remaining in service, designated the 1st through 4th Massachusetts Regiments.
- 2 Jackson's Additional/16th Massachusetts Regiment
- On 23 July 1780, Henry Jackson's Additional Continental Regiment was accepted into the Massachusetts Line and redesignated the 16th Massachusetts Regiment.
- 3 Jackson's American Regiment.
- Also known as the 1st American Regiment (not to be confused with a similarly named unit formed later in 1784 by Josiah Harmar) and the unit refered to itself as Jackson's American Regiment. The regiment was formed by Henry Knox from men from the 1st through 4th Massachusetts Regiments who had enlisted for three years or less and still had time remaining on their enlistments. This was an interim force formed while the Continental Congress decided what kind of a standing army the United States would maintain. The Congress decided on 2 June 1784 to disband the unit. Word of this action reached West Point, where it was stationed, in mid June. The final companies were disbanded on 20 June 1784.
- 4 Lippitt's Rhode Island Regiment.
- This unit appears in Lesser's returns as a militia unit, but was in fact composed of Rhode Island state troops. Wright reports the unit to have been adopted into Continental service on 11 May 1776.
- 5 The New York Line
- The organization of the New York Line regiments differs somewhat from those
of the other states with regard to format and the sources we have used to
define the arrangement of the units and orderly books. All the other states
quite closely follow the lineages presented in Wright's "The Continental
Army", with minor changes reflecting supplementary research from additional
sources. The framework used for the New York regiments follows that
developed by superb researcher and good friend Steve Gilbert. It basically
differs from Wright's structure with regard to the period before 1777.
Wright links the pre-1777 New York regiments with those of 1777 and
thereafter, while Gilbert sees the pre-1777 units as being separate and
distinct, with little or no carryover to the successive years' units. We
have chosen to present Gilbert's view but, in footnotes, we show how Wright's
perspectives can be assembled from Gilbert's more finely focused building
- 6 Lord Stirling
- William Alexander, unsucessful claimant to the earldom of Stirling, was known to his contemporaries as Lord Stirling.
- 7 1st New Jersey Regt.
- Also known as the Eastern Battalion.
- 8 2d New Jersey Regt.
- Also known as the Western Battalion.
- 9 Furlough of the Pennsylvania Line, Jan. 1781.
- The 1st through 5th Pennsylvania Regiments [really the 1st - 10th because the 6th through 10th were consolidated into the 1st - 5th just prior to the action ] were for the most part furloughed in late January 1781 because of the Morristown Mutiny.
- Also known unoffically as the Old 11th Regiment.
- Also known unoffically as the New 11th Regiment.
- 12 Delaware Company
- Men recruited in Delaware who were assembling at Christiana Bridge in preparation for the march south to join their regiment in the Carolinas in August 1781. Washington ordered them to follow him to Virginia. During the seige they were annexed to the artillery.
- 13 Smallwood's Maryland Battalion
- Also known as the 1st Maryland Battalion.
- 14  8th Virginia Regiment
- Also unofficially known as the German Regiment (not to be confused with the German Battalion see note 24 below).
- 15  13th Virginia Regiment
- Also unoffically known as the West Augusta Regiment.
- 16 3d South Carolina Regiment
- Also known as the South Carolina Ranger Regiment.
- 17 5th South Carolina Regiment
- Also known as the 1st South Carolina Rifle Regiment.
- 18 6th South Carolina Regiment
- Also known as the 2d South Carolina Rifle Regiment.
- 19  2d (Hazen's) Canadian Regiment
- Also widely, but unoffically, known as "Congress' Own Regiment." The reason for this was that for the state lines, each state provided the equipment and pay for their men, but there was no state to support the Canadian regiments, so Congress filled that role.
- 20 Sheppard's Additional Regiment
- Unofficially referred to as the 10th North Carolina Regiment.
- 21 Spencer's Additional Regiment
- Unofficially referred to as the 5th New Jersey Regiment.
- 22 S.B. Webb's Additional Regiment
- Unofficially referred to as the Decoy Regiment.
- 23 Warner's Regiment
- Unoffically referred to as the "Green Mountain Boys."
- 24 The German Battalion
- Unoffically referred to as the 8th Maryland Regiment.
- 25 4th South Carolina Regiment
- Also referred to as the South Carolina Artillery Regiment.
- 26 1st Continental Light Dragoon Regiment
- Also known unofficially as Bland's Horse.
- 27 2d Continental Light Dragoon Regiment
- Also known unofficially as Sheldon's Horse.
- 28 3d Continental Light Dragoon Regiment
- Also known unofficially as Baylor's Horse and also as Lady Washington's Horse.
- 29 4th Continental Light Dragoon Regiment
- Also known unofficially as Moylan's Horse.
- 30 Pulaski's Legion
- Pulaski tried to have the unit called the Maryland Legion, but the name never caught on.
- 31 Explanation of Numbers used in MG and BG Headings
- The numbers used after the MG and BG headings are the relative ranks of the General Officers, derived from Heitman's table "General Officers of the Continental Army Arranged according to Rank, with Period of Service in the Grade."
Last Updated: 9 May 2001